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Ep. 27「リフのやり方2 - スラッシュ」【VLTTW翻訳】

"How To Riff 2: Slashes" - Voice Lessons To The World

 エピソード27「リフのやり方2 - スラッシュ」




Hi everybody. My name is Justin Stoney, and I'm the founder of New York Vocal Coaching here in New York City.




Welcome to Episode 27 of Voice Lessons to the World. The show where we want to help you guys as singers by answering your questions from all over.




And I'll give you a chance to ask questions later, but our question for this week comes from Alexa J. in Newark, New Jersey.




And Alexa writes, "Dear Justin, Can you teach me how to riff?"




Now, if you remember back to Episode 3, we had Part 1 of Alexa's question. And we're going to do a whole series, actually, on Alexa's question. A series on how to riff. So this is going to be Part 2 of that series.




And today we're talking about up slashes and down slashes. So each one of our episodes on riffing, is going to give you guys a new element of riffs to understand and to work on.




And so the first one we talked about, the pentatonic scale, that's this scale right here, the five tone scale.




And then today, with up slashes and down slashes, this is a whole new vocabulary

for you, for riffs.




And really, riffs are a kind of, in classical music they'd be called a cadenza. They're a series of improvisational notes that move around quickly.




There's a lot of different elements, but in classical music what we're talking about today would be referred to as a grace note.




Now if I take this little scale right here, this five tone scale: Now that's not the pentatonic, that's a major five tone scale. And I added the grace notes to it, it would be this:




So here's without grace notes: And here's with grace notes:




Now within the pentatonic, we would have this: And here's with, what I'm calling, "slashes":




So there you can see what they are. They're little movements, quickly up to or down to a note in question.




But I want to first show you how this applies in a song. And then I think this is gonna make a lot more sense, too.




So we'll take, "Love Song," by Sara Bareilles. And just again I'm not trying to sound like Sara Bareilles, I'm just breaking down specifics of what she does in the song, so that you can know how to apply these concepts to music.




Go back and listen to her version. You're going to hear some of the things that I'm talking about. But I'm going to illustrate it for you as best I can.




So in the chorus of the song, and she sings, "I'm not gonna write you a love song 'cause you asked for it, 'cause you need one..." Just that much.


曲のサビで、彼女はこう歌っています。 "I'm not gonna write you a love song 'cause you asked for it, 'cause you need one..." この部分だけです。


Now, if we take the first part: "I'm not gonna write you a love song..." She does, "you a love song..." She could have done: "you a love song..." But she does: "you a love song..." And there is an up slash: "you a love song..." Go back and listen for it in the song you're going to hear a little... slash or grace note.


では最初のパートを見てみましょう。 "I'm not gonna write you a love song..." 彼女は(スラッシュを入れて)"you a love song..." と歌っていますね。(スラッシュ無しで)”you a love song..." ともできますが(スラッシュを入れて)"you a love song..." と歌っています。アップスラッシュがあって、"you a love song..." となっています。曲を聴き返せばスラッシュや装飾音が少し聞こえてくるでしょう。


So, "I'm not going to write you love song, 'cause you ask for it..." Now that little, "ask," we'll talk about that another time: " 'cause you asked for it, 'cause you need one..." Now there you have 2: " 'cause you need one..." She could have just done, " 'cause you need one..." But she does, " 'cause you need one..." "budap, buduh...need one..." 


"I'm not going to write you love song, 'cause you ask for it..." と歌う時の ”ask," については別の機会で話しますが、" 'cause you asked for it, 'cause you need one..." には二つスラッシュがあります。(スラッシュを入れて)” 'cause you need one..." では(スラッシュ無しで)" 'cause you need one..." ともできますが(スラッシュを入れて)" 'cause you need one..." 「ブダッブダッ、need one」と歌っています。


And that little slash, up-and-down, adds so much to her song, and makes it more poppy by adding an element of riffs.




So I hope that makes it really clear what a slash is. Now again, I'm just calling it a slash. You could call it a grace note. But pop terminology and classical terminology tend to be a lot of times the same thing but people refer to them in very different ways.




And pop stuff, just, a "riff," that sounds edgier than a "cadenza," and a "slash," that sounds edgier than, "grace note." But you can use whatever term you want.




But just know that slash: " 'cause you need one..." Those are just little baby movements of notes.


それはともかく、スラッシュは ” 'cause you need one..." のようなとても小さな音の動きのことだと覚えておきましょう。


Now we're going to do an exercise that's going to help you work on both your up slashes and down slashes. So you could call these ascending grace notes, or descending grace notes.




Now these are great, of course for this specific element of riffs. But these are also going to be good for you as far as agility in general.




And then also as far as vibrato, because if you remember, vibrato is fast-moving notes. These are going to be pretty fast moving notes. So this is a great thing for you to look to work on for your vocal technique as well.




But right now I'm going to give you the exercise that I want you to work on, as far as incorporating up slashes and down slashes into your work as singers.




So we're first going to do up slashes. Ok. So we'll do it on a "hey". And we'll do, starting right here.




For guys will do: "hey-ey-ey-ey-ey..." Right. You hear that? "hey-ey-ey-ey-ey..."

I'm going up to the note: "hey-ey-ey-ey-ey." And ladies you'll be up here: "hey-ey-ey-ey-ey."




So we're gonna do this together. I want you to work first on your ascending slashes, your ascending grace notes, you're up slashes. Here we go:








Good stuff. So that was nice work finding those ascending slashes. Now we're gonna

try the exact same thing with descending slashes so that you can get the sense that your voice can move quickly up or down. So these ones go above the note, but they're actually descending slashes.




So we're going to do the same exact thing. We're gonna do: "Hey-aey-aey-aey-aey" Catch that? "Hey-aey-aey-aey-aey" "Hey-aey-aey-aey-aey" That's for guys. Ladies up here. "Hey-aey-aey-aey-aey."




Ready for it? Here we go together.








Awesome stuff. So now you've experienced ascending and descending slashes. Add these to your pop and you're going to have a whole new element. I want you to practice this.




You can also make up some crazy exercises on your own that go up and down. That's really helpful. We won't do that today. Maybe in the future. But we won't do that today. But I want you to work on that.




But I also want you to listen in pop music, because this is the kind of detail work that's going to make you guys great riffers, and great pop singers.




You can't just sort of hear the melody go by. When you have Sarah do, " 'cause I need one... need one..." Very easy just to hear, "need one," and not hear the, "need one." 


メロディーが過ぎていくのを聞き流すだけではダメです。サラが " 'cause I need one... need one..." と歌う時、(スラッシュ無しで)"need one,” と聞こえてしまって、(スラッシュを入れて)"need one," とは聞けていない、ということは簡単に起こるのです。


But if you guys are really listening closely to your pop songs and listening with detail you're going to hear those things.




You're going to hear what I talked about before, about the pentatonic scale. You're going to hear that over and over again.




But then you're going to start to catch on to these little slashes little grace notes. And if

you can have that kind of detail work and you know how to access that in your voice, it's going to make you not only better singers, but much more advanced musicians. So, that's part two of our riff series.




I hope that's been helpful for you guys today as singers. If you have questions

that you'd like to see us answer on the show you can send an email to:



今回の内容がシンガーのみなさんの役に立っていればと思います。このショーで答えてほしい質問がある場合は、 Questions@VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com にメールしてください。


And we just encourage you not to lose that joy. Don't lose that passion. Don't stop working on the details of your voice. Things like your riffs. Things like these slashes that we learned today.




Make sure that you're really fine tuning your instrument and becoming a more advanced musician by trying these things and by listening really carefully to the details of the song.




Get with a great voice teacher in your area that can help you with this kind of thing.

If you guys are in New York City you can check us out at: www.NewYorkVocalCoaching.com.


こういうことができるように助けてくれる、あなたの地域の優れたヴォイスティーチャーに付きましょう。ニューヨークにいるのなら www.NewYorkVocalCoaching.com をチェックしてみてください。


If you like these videos you can visit: www.VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com.


動画を気に入ってもらえたら、 www.VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com も見てみてください。


I'm Justin Stoney. We'll see you next time.



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