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Ep. 32「口幅を広げること」【VLTTW翻訳】

Ep. 32 "Spreading" - Voice Lessons To The World







Hi everybody! My name is Justin Stoney and I'm the founder of New York Vocal Coaching here in New York City.




Welcome to episode 32 of Voice Lessons To The World, the show where we want to help you guys as singers by answering your questions from all over.






And I'll give you a chance to ask questions later, but our question for this week comes from Ralph W. in Fiesole, Italy. 




And Ralph writes, "Dear Justin, my choir director tells me to not spread. 'Don't spread the sound' he says. What does this mean and is this something that I need to avoid as a singer?"




Now that's an awesome question, Ralph. And I want to just say spreading, as you're talking about here, is one of the great plagues of all singers.




Spreading is something that most singers struggle with at least to some extent. And it's definitely something to eliminate from your voice, or at least know how to. Because it's really gonna put limits on your upper range, and just your tone in general.




So we definitely want to talk about spreading and how to work through that as singers. 






First thing we'll say though is what is it, what is spreading?




So spreading is essentially moving the lip corners this way, out horizontally or wide, widening the sound, opening the mouth more this way. Especially as you go up for high notes. But just basically all through your range you could spread.






Now what this widening does is it does bring the air more out the mouth. Air out the mouth isn't always bad, but in this case it probably is.






It also is gonna raise the larynx up and put pressure on the cords. Raising the larynx, not always bad. Pressure on the cords, not always bad. But in this case, probably bad.






Now you know me, I don't like to say in Voice Land that anything is bad. We can use a lot of stuff that people usually call bad, for vocal good if we know what we're doing.




But spreading is something that is actually, usually, (between you and me) not a good idea.




Alright. In later videos I will show you how spreading can be used positively. But most of the time you want to be able to do your sound without spreading out the tone.






Now I'm going to just show you what I mean in a song example. And later we're gonna do an exercise. This is, "Why God Why" from Miss Saigon.




And I'm gonna do it first just without any spread at all, so you can hear what that would be and then I'll show you what spreading would sound like after that. So here's without a spread...






“Why God

What's your plan

I can't help her

No one can

I liked my memories as they were

But now I'll leave remembering her”




Now that's without a spread, but if I start spreading some of those high notes which is the tendency, some crazy stuff happens. I probably get...






“Why God” And that AH, that spread of the tone makes it more mouthy, makes the larynx come up, and in some ways it makes it easier.




But in other ways it puts more pressure on the cords and that's why it causes the limitation. It's using a pressure that we don't want, to get the notes.




So in that high section too...

“I liked my memories as they were

But now I'll leave remembering her”

I don't want to spread things out as I'm hitting that note.





“Remembering her”

I'm going to get it more in my head by not spreading.

So you see what that does in a song to my sound.






Now you might think “Well, why would you even have spread in the first place, Justin, when the other sounds so much better?”




Honestly most people are spreading, especially when you're training your voice,

they are spreading to go higher and they don't even know it.






So now we're going to get to some exercises to help you guys get through the spreading plague that tends to happen.






So first I just want you to feel this in your speaking voice. I'm just gonna say, in my own voice, “Hello my name is Justin.” And now try that using your own name. Here you go... And that's just a neutral mouth position.


まず最初に話し声でこれを感じてほしいのです。単に “Hello my name is Justin.” と言ってみましょう。あなたの名前を使ってやってみてください。どうぞ… これが自然な口のポジションです。


Now actually pucker your lips and say, “Hello my name is Justin.” Try it... Nice.


次に口をすぼめて、“Hello my name is Justin.” やってみましょう。いいですね。


Now I'd like you to spread. “Hello my name is Justin.” Great.


では広げてみてください。“Hello my name is Justin.” 素晴らしい。


And so what you see there is, as you move your mouth position, it changes the acoustics, it changes the resonance of your voice. But the spreadier one tends to be a lifty-er, squeezier, one that causes the problem.




Now I could eliminate it, I could do, “Hello my name is Justin.” but I have to really think about that to make that happen. It's not what it tends to do.


このままその傾向だけを消すこともできますが…(口幅を広げたまま、声だけを口をすぼめた時のように)“Hello my name is Justin.” これをするにはすごく考えないといけません。普通こうはならないものです。




So we're gonna do an exercise now, just a simple MA MA MA, alright? To see if you guys can feel what it is to go up in pitch and don't spread it out. Right?




Now you might need a mirror when you're practicing this. Because again, like I say, a lot of people don't know that they're spreading.




You sometimes have to see it to believe it. But this is the exercise. Guys will be down here... “MA - MA - MA - MA - MA - MA - MA” And ladies up here... “MA - MA - MA - MA - MA - MA - MA “




And what we don't want is, of course, “MA - MA - MA - MA - MA - MA - MA” [ Spreads ]

but “MA - MA - MA - MA - MA - MA - MA” Keep it inside and neutral as you go higher.

So here we go together...








Fantastic work. So that's great. So you felt what it was to go up higher without spreading things out.




まずはテクニックを、 パワーはあとから


Now some of you might have cracked to head voice or to falsetto at some point. That's fine. That's actually the thing that people are trying to eliminate with this.




But what I'm saying to you today is, as you go up in pitch if you have the note only with a spread, you really don't have the note. You need to be able to do every note in your range without changing the shape of it first.




Later, like I said, we might change it. But first you've got to be able to do it neutral. If you can do it neutral you have the note. If you spread it, you cheated it. And that's what's causing the problem.






So, Ralph and all, I hope that's been helpful for you guys today as singers. If you guys have questions that you'd like to see us answer on the show, you can send an email to: Questions@VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com.


というわけで、ラルフさん、みなさん。今回の内容がシンガーのみなさんの役に立っていればと思います。このショーで答えてほしい質問がある場合は、 Questions@VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com にメールしてください。


We just encourage you not to lose that joy, don't lose that passion. Get with a great voice teacher in your area. Or if you guys are in New York City you can check us out at: www.NewYorkVocalCoaching.com.


歌う喜びや情熱を失わないようにしましょう。あなたの地域の優れたヴォイスティーチャーに付きましょう。それかニューヨークにいるのなら www.NewYorkVocalCoaching.com をチェックしてみてください。


And if you like these videos you can visit: www.VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com.


動画を気に入ってもらえたなら、 www.VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com も見てみてください。


I'm Justin Stoney. We'll see you next time.











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