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Ep. 64「ビブラート2 - 速くて自由なビブラート」【VLTTW翻訳】

今回はジャスティン・ストーニーによる「ヴォイス・レッスンズ・トゥー・ザ・ワールド」の翻訳シリーズ、エピソード64「ビブラート2 - 速くて自由なビブラート」です。どうぞお楽しみください ;)


Ep. 64 "Vibrato 2 - Faster Freer Vibrato" - Voice Lessons To The World

エピソード64「ビブラート2 - 速くて自由なビブラート」







Hi everybody! My name is Justin Stoney and I'm the founder of New York Vocal Coaching here in New York City.




Welcome to episode 64 of Voice Lessons To The World, the show where we want to help you guys as singers by answering your questions from all over.






And I'll give you a chance to ask questions later, but our question for this week comes from Ana F. in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.




And Ana writes, "Dear Justin, I love the vibrato videos that you've done in the past. And I'm wondering if you can help us to develop our vibrato and to make it faster?




Now that's a great question, Ana. And I thank you so much for that and the kind words too. And we're definitely going to work more on vibrato today and in the future.




1. ビブラートとは?


So let's get back on track with it! What is vibrato?




Well, first of all, it's easier to show than to describe, right? “Ah” [Straight tone] That's no vibrato. “Ah” [Vibrato] That's vibrato. Right? It's a little pitch bend or oscillation, alright. 




It doesn't change the note so much that we hear a big difference. ”Ah” That would be a huge change. But we have... “Ah” A small up-and-down movement of the pitches - that's what vibrato is.






Vibrato can help free up your instrument and also give you a very cool stylistic effect which we're going to need for really all styles of music. So that's what vibrato is.




2. ビブラートのやり方


Now how is it done? Unfortunately, there's a few different vibratos, alright.




There's one that comes actually from the breathing system, which I can't really recommend.




There's also one that's a laryngeal vibrato that we're gonna be talking about a bit more in the future. That's not such a negative thing.




But the best vibrato is one that comes from the vocal cords themselves. Different movements of the vocal cords, when your vocal cords move, they have a pitch bending effect, right.




As the cords stretch out, the notes go higher, and as they thicken up, the notes go lower. So when the vocal cords are free, they can move in a small motion that causes that vibrato. So that's how it's done.




There's also a jaw vibrato that you sometimes see which is not so positive also.




But the vibrato that we're gonna be focusing on mostly is the one that's done by freedom to the vocal cords.




3. ビブラートがうまくいかない原因は?


So, let's talk, Ana, about what might be blocking your vibrato system from happening. 






One thing might be forcing the sound. Too much chest voice, too much heaviness, too much strength - that thickness makes it hard to do vibrato. That's one thing that could be happening.






Another thing might be too much squeeze, too much compression on the vocal cords. That also will prevent them from having that give, that lets them move freely for vibrato. So, not too much squeezing of the actual cords.






The other thing could be tension, alright. It could be neck tension from thrusting the neck. Maybe you have jaw tension or tongue tension or tension in these long muscles here. These are your sternocleidomastoids, whoa... [hits piano] These guys often block singers from freedom and also the freedom that vibrato requires.








And then finally, maybe Ana, I don't know how long you've been singing, but sometimes just having lots of experience moving the notes around with your voice can lead to vibrato.


そして最後に、アナさんが歌を始めてからどのくらい経ったのかは知りませんが、単に声で音を動き回る経験* をたくさんすることがビブラートに繋がることもあります。




Sometimes if you're a new singer out there and you don't have vibrato yet, I tell you just stay the course because as you develop freedom and agility with your voice, your vibrato often just comes in on its own.




But today we're also going to have a great exercise. It's gonna help you guys get more freedom to the vocal cords so that your vibrato gets either faster if it's too slow, or comes in maybe for the first time if you've been having problems getting your vibrato to work.






But first I'm going to show you some vibrato in a song. This is another… I've done a John Legend song in the past. I think that John Legend has a very nice vibrato as a pop and R&B singer.




So I'm gonna use another John Legend song. This is "All Of Me" by John Legend. And just listen for some of the vibrato nuances that I'm using. And later I'm going to describe kind of some of the things that's going on. So this is "All Of Me" by John Legend.




“What would I do without your smart mouth

Drawing me in and you kicking me out

I've got my head spinnin'

No kiddin', I can't pin you down

What's going on in that beautiful mind

I'm on your magical mystery ride

And I'm so dizzy, don't know what hit me

But I'll be alright

My head's under water but I'm breathing fine

You're crazy and I'm out of my mind


Cuz all of me loves all of you

Love your curves and all your edges

All your perfect imperfections”




Okay, that's a little bit of "All Of Me" -  great song to sing. And you hear lots of different vibrato nuances and choices.




Now what does too slow vibrato sound like? Well... “Cuz all of me loves all of you” Now you probably know some singers like this, right? Too slow of a vibrato, right? “Cuz all” We want to be able to control that vibrato speed.




So like I say, some of the things that prevent vibrato or slow it down is that push of the voice. “Cuz all” If I'm pushing too much chest voice on those notes, it will slow the vibrato down or prevent it.




Now sometimes people, like I say, squeeze and have too much compression to the voice. “Cuz all” And that “huh” is going to stop the vibrato, bully it out or maybe slow it down.




The other thing is neck tension, jaw tension, and all kinds of larynx tension. So we want to make sure that we have good alignment and freedom in the surrounding areas of the voice as well.




So that's just some sense of what vibrato sounds like, again, applied to a song. And you hear the slow version, you hear the fast version and all kinds of nuances.




Now how do we get our vocal cords free enough to make vibrato happen? Now we're gonna get to an exercise.






Today we're going to recruit staccato in order to help you guys get vocal cord agility and freedom. When we have staccato, pitches, it helps the cords re-articulate. And that re-articulation helps them to learn to move faster just like vibrato.




So today here's our exercise. It's just gonna be on a single note H-E, HE, single note staccato and vibrato.




It sounds like this... “He-he-he…” Alright, so that's guys down there. Ladies up here... “He-he-he…” And we're gonna do it together, staccato leading to vibrato. Here we go! [Exercise]




Awesome stuff. That was so great. Good job with that staccato leading to vibrato. And I hope, for some of you, it sped up your vibrato or got your vibrato starting to move for the first time.




So Ana, this was a fantastic question. I think you helped a lot of singers out today by asking that. And so, go ahead and practice that exercise.






And I hope this has been helpful for you guys today as singers. If you have questions that you'd like to see us answer on the show you can send an email to Questions@VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com.


今回の内容がシンガーのみなさんの役に立てば幸いです。このショーで答えてほしい質問がある場合は、 Questions@VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com にメールしてくださいね。


And we just encourage you don't lose the joy, don't lose the passion. Don't you dare let people tell you that you can't sing because you and I, we both know that is false. Not true! You can do it, stay committed, keep practicing.




Find a great voice teacher in your area or if you guys are in the New York City area, you can study with one of our staff here at New York Vocal Coaching.




If you like these videos, we just encourage you to download our free app. It's for iPad, iPhone, hopefully more in the future, but all kinds of free articles, videos, tips, resources, all kinds of stuff to help you guys get to the next level on your vocal journey.




So check out that app or you can visit www.VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com.


このアプリをチェックするか、もしくは www.VoiceLessonsToTheWorld.com にアクセスしてみてくださいね。


I'm Justin Stoney. We'll see you next time.











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